Greenland’s traditional cuisine is mainly based on meats from birds, fish, game and marine mammals. This food menu is greatly influenced by the Danish and Canadian international cuisines that have significant protein levels. When the weather is milder in summer, meals in Greenland are eaten outdoors. This work presents an exciting “tasting’ adventure trip around Greenland’s richly diversified cuisine.
For many generations, Greenland has relied on game, marine mammal, fish and bird meats for food. Meat provides great nourishment and content diet energy that sustains life on the harsh Arctic winter that demands more regarding energy reservation. Greenlandic culinary culture is closely associated to the community’s old hunting social solidarity where every catch is equally shared. Food has been recognized as Greenlanders hospitality characteristic.
Guests in Greenland are likely to taste all kinds of meat on the traditional Greenlandic food buffet. Most restaurants have these traditional meat menus that incorporate Greenlandic ingredients like halibut, casserole. Meat food with Greenlandic ingredients gives a sensual culinary experience. It is always too easy to get the meat since most game, marine animals and fish that freely roam the natural arctic environment in Greenland.
Out of need the sea naturally overflows with different species of Arctic mammals and fish that provide most of the Greenlandic meat food. In fact, the sea is an extensive gastronomic range for the Greenlander’s that they name settlements and landforms after sea characteristics. Like the Ammassalik meaning the capelin fish place and Kapisillit that translates to the place with salmon. Hence, the waters in Greenland create the large tasty stock of Greenland cuisine.
Greenland’s plant cuisine is composed of crowberries and Blueberries that when harvested in autumn, are in desserts and garnished cakes. These berry compote dishes accompany most meat meals. Seaweed is also used as a food alternative during the winter. During the summer Greenland lousewort, roseroot and fireweed leaves are gathered for food. There are scarce green vegetables in Greenland because of the harsh climate. But, farmers in Greenland have started experimenting with new crops like potatoes, onions, rice and broccoli.
Several herbs including the Greenland magical silence form part of the cuisine in Greenland. Angelica seasoning is also part of the Greenlandic staple cuisine. However, most Greenland dishes do not comprise of spices, and where they used, it is sparing.
A famous Greenlandic dinner drink is coffee. Greenlandic coffee consists of hot coffee, Grand Marnier, whiskey whipped cream and Kahlúa that is served in a Bordeaux glass. The coffee is served exceptionally hot. Ice beer also forms part of the cuisine, and it comprises of an almost two millennia Arctic natural ice harvested glaciers. This drink is manufactured at the Narsaq Brewhouse in Greenland. Other brands of ice beer include the Icefiord Bryghus, Nuuk, and Bryghus that use frozen water. Both Angelica and crowberries are incorporated into these alcohol Icefiord drinks. Most brewing restrictions have been abolished, and there are much more drinks that form part of the menu.
The traditional cuisine in Greenland is composed of meats from birds, fish, game and marine mammals. The sea provides most of these meats. Nonetheless, Greenland also offers plenty of other plant dishes including plant fruits, herbs and seasoning, and beverages like coffee and beer.